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The Basis of Nutrition

Good nutrition is the foundation of good health. Everyone needs the four basics nutrients-water, carbohydrates, proteins, and fats as well as vitamins, minerals, and other micronutrients.

Water

Water is an essential nutrient that is involved in every function of the body. It helps transport nutrients and waste products in and out of cells. Our organs, muscle, and bones all have water in them and need water to function properly. Up to 60% of the adult human body is made of water, when that much of your body is made up of something you can see its kind of important. To replace the water lost male need to consume about 15 cups of fluid and females about 11 cups

Carbohydrates

Carbs supply the body with energy it needs to function. They are found almost exclusively in plan foods, such as fruits, vegetables, peas, grains, and beans. Milk and milk products are the only foods derived from animals that contain carbohydrates. Carbs are divided in two groups-simple carbohydrates and complex carbohydrates. Its better to consume more foods rich in complex carbohydrates include vegetable, whole grains, peas, and beans.

Proteins

Protein is essential for growth and development. It provides the body with energy, and is needed fir the manufacture of hormones, antibodies, enzymes, and tissues. It also helps maintain the proper acid-alkali balance in the body. When the protein is consumed, the body breaks it down into amino acids. Proteins are divided in two different groups that provide all of the necessary amino acids. Complete proteins are found in meat, fish, poultry, cheese, eggs, and milk. Incomplete proteins are found in a variety of foods, including grains, legumes, and leafy green vegetables.

Fats

Although much attention has been focused on the need to reduce dietary, fat the body does need fat. during infancy and childhood, fat is, necessary for normal brain development. Throughout life, it is essential to provide and support growth. Fat is, in fact, the most concentrated source of energy available to the body. For an adult one-third of your calories should come from fat. By choosing the healthiest forms of each of these nutrients and eating them in the proper balance, you enable your body to function at its optimal level.

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